Name: Atlantic Salmon
Scientific name: Salmo salar
Nature Stars: 80
About: A sometimes very large fish, growing to 1 metre long or more. Salmon are found in the best, cleanest of rivers, mostly in the north and west. Salmon famously spend most of the lives out at sea, returning to breed in the same stretch of river or stream in which they hatched. They travel up river, often jumping over weirs and waterfalls to get to the gravels at the head of the rivers. They are predatory fish, feeding on invertebrates, small fish and flying insects.
How to identify: Adult Salmon are much larger than trout, silvery with a few dark spots on the back, sometimes with a pinkish flush to the belly.
Where: Found in rivers in Wales, Scotland and northern and south west England.
Fantastic fact: Known as the King of the Fish.
Photograph credit: Michel Roggo/naturepl