Name: Sand Martin
Scientific name: Riparia riparia
Nature Stars: 50
About: A common summer visitor, arriving in March and leaving in October. Sand Martins nest in colonies, digging burrows in steep sandy cliffs, usually next to water. Our smallest swallow, commonest around wetlands. In the autumn, large numbers gather together.
How to identify: Sand Martins are brown above, white below with a brown breast band and short forked tail.
Where: Widespread. You can sometimes spot this bird swooping into its nest in a hole in a riverbank.
Fantastic fact: In North America, known as the Bank Swallow
Photograph credit: Photo credit tbc